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Monday, July 12, 2010

Sidukung Anak

By Tarmizi, BSc, S. Pd

Meniran or Sidukung anak (Phylanthus aurinaria L.) is the wild plants as weeds promising potential as a traditional medicine which is very valuable. Our ancestors already use it as a remedy kidney stone shock, fever, antidiarrheal, facilitator of urine, gout, constipation, and pain relievers.
In Java, people familiar with this plant with green meniran, memeniran and meniran temporary because the fruit of groats, sidukung serdangkan in Sumatra as a child. Perhaps because the fruit hanging on the midrib of leaf (similar to fruit katu), seem to be picked up or supported. The herbal medicine called peracik
Herba Phillanthy to plant sidukung children (meniran) completely.
The figure of plants
Sidukung children (meniran) is a wild plant as a shrub with leaves neatly, petai finned China even as the leaves. Shape leaves rounded ovate to elongate. Size small leaves with rounded or pointed tip. Lower leaf surface freckled, berkelenjar. This plant is only about 30-40 cm high. Trunked soft, branched disperse.
At one plant sidukung children (meniran) there is no female flowers at the base of the leaf, while male flowers at the tip of the leaf consists of 2-3 florets. Flower shape is round.
Similar fruit berkatup box three, slippery. The size of groats (broken rice), 0.2 to 0.25 cm in diameter.
Two types
These wild plants scattered in the garden, lawn, curb, gutter edges, and near a landfill. Distribution covers the entire tropical region ranging from lowland to highland around 1500 m above sea level.
Based on the color of plants of this meniran aka sidukung children can be divided into two species, namely sidukung children (meniran) red and sidukung children (meniran) green. Both are considered distance-jarakan Euphorbiaceae family.
Sidukung children (meniran) red (Phyllanthus aurinaria) trunked red. When ripe fruit, flowers anthers will be broken crosswise. While sidukung children (meniran) green (Phyllanthus niruri) trunked green. When ripe fruit, flower heads will be broken by stretching.
Drug ingredient used for all parts of plants, roots, and leaves. The fresh material obtained aerated until dry (in the shade) before mixing drugs used sebgai materials. It was a bitter, slightly sour, cool.

Nutritious substances
The decoction of this plant taste bitter, because the content of nutritious substances, among others Filantin, hipofilantin, potassium salt. Javanese people call meniran green, or meniran memeniran. The child support, including families Euphorbiaceae. Nutritious crops throughout the menstrual sebagaipeluruh, peluruh sputum / cough medicine, peluruh urine and appetite enhancer. (MOH, 1985)
Sidukung children (meniran) as the medicine according to Sri Yuliani and Hernani from Balitro (Research Institute for Spice and Medicinal Plants) kimuia compounds contain alkaloids, saponins, glycosides, flavonoida, tannins, and other substances are efficacious drugs. While other researchers meniran contain substances called filantin, hipfilantin, potassium, tannin, resin.
Tanin as antidiarrheal effect. Potassium is a diuretic and shock kidney stones. Alkaloids, saponins, glucoside, flavanoida, influenced by certain pharmacological.
Sidukung depth research on the effect of children (meniran) to a disease not much, but these plants as ingredients of traditional medicine has long been in Indonesia and China.
Drug ingredient
As a medicinal herb ingredients, the sinshes sidukung prefer to use children (meniran) red. Simplisianya better known as zhen zhu CAO. Material was used to cure kidney inflammation, infection salurankencing, appetite enhancer children, peluruh sputum, peluruh menstruation, cure dysentery and mouth sores.
Diuretics and gout drug
To alleviate urination and gout can be used ingredients consist of 4-5 child sidukung leaf midrib (meniran) along leaf cat whiskers (Orthosiphon grandiflora) is the same lot. Material was boiled in a glass of water (220 ml) to stay a half. After the winter may be drunk, do it two times a day.
Malaria drugs
Clean the leaves of the half-cell and supporting children with three glasses of boiled water. Boil down until the water is staying half. Cool and strain, drink 3 times daily.
Gonorrhea drug
Take three-quarters of children sidukung then wash the leaves, then boiled with water to as many as four glasses. Bring to a boil and allow it to stay three-quarters of its water. Cool and filtered. mix with a little sugar and drink it, do it three times a day.
Drug fester
Fester can be known from the symptoms, namely fever and hot, swollen skin around the wound, when the wound-dite, it will come out pus. To treat it follow the traditional recipe follows.
Handheld leaf sidukung Gilinglah half of children (meniran buffalo) after washing. Once refined, squeezed with a tablespoon of salt water. Then rubbed on the wound to fester. Done properly treated, the wound should be bandaged. Pakaialah this medicine twice a day.
Gastritis drug
Petiklah sidukung child leaves three quarters and then washed and boiled cell with three glasses of water. Let continue to boil until the live tigaperempatnya. Cooking water is filtered and taken with pure honey. Drink this herbal medicine three times a day, every three-quarters cup.
Skin disease drug
Leaves and stems sidukung children (meniran) which can be crushed and used as a poultice to treat skin diseases. Decoction of the leaves and stems can be used as black dyes on fabrics and mats. Stem and leaf extract collision sidukung children (meniran) can be used penuba fish.
Posted by Plant Medicine and Science at 20:29 0 comments Links to this post
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